Jeremy Perez
Image taken:
Jan. 9, 2009
Sunset Crater National Monument, Arizona, USA
I'm primarily a visual observer, so I usually sketch my observations. The attached image is a drawing of the comet based on my observation this morning (Jan 9, 2009 - 13:00 UT). I was hoping to make my first observation of it before the full/gibbous waning moon overpowers it for the next couple weeks. I drove northeast of Flagstaff to Sunset Crater National Monument and arrived there shortly after 5 am with the moon blazing away and lighting up the snow-covered landscape. The head of Scorpius was rising, and Antares was flickering with a rusty light just over the tops of the cinder cones. While the sky was still bright with moonlight, I shot a few photos of the landscape, and then set up my 8 inch Dobsonian. The comet was a snap to find at low power (37.5X) and readily pierced the moon-washed star field as a round glow with a nicely condensed core. I'd estimate the degree of condensation as 6. Initially, I saw probably about 2 arc minutes of the core region. The bright 6th magnitude star, 47 Librae anchored the east side of the field. As the moonlight began to dwindle and the comet rose higher in the sky, more structure began to appear. Compared to the neutral gray background, the comet emitted a very slight aqua tint. A definite brightening proceeded eastward away from it at a PA of about 100 degrees. This extension (likely dust tail?) was visible out to about 9 arc minutes from the core. As conditions improved, the coma also appeared to blossom a bit more to a diameter of about 6 arc minutes. At this point, the brighter core took on a more elliptical shape that preferred to drag off to the east. On the west side of the comet, a much fainter extension (the ion tail?) emerged from the coma at a PA of about 290 degrees. A quick look at 240X showed the coma to be brighter along its southern half, perhaps due to the dust tail fanning widely behind and to the south of the comet. I didn't spend time trying to compare the comet's brightness to nearby stars, but it was definitely brighter than 8th magnitude M107--I'd estimate by at least 1.5 if not 2 magnitudes. That's a very rough estimate, so don't rely on it for anything. But if correct, that would put it around 6th magnitude, at the threshold of naked-eye visibility under a dark, transparent sky. I did not try to spot it naked eye, however. The extended details I observed were very subtle and required much time spent observing with averted vision. Scope tapping, sweeping, and moving the core outside of the field of view on different sides, all helped to bring these structures into view. With strong moonlight, light pollution, or murky skies, they are likely to be invisible while the comet is so low. The central core however is quite bright and should be visible telescopically and with binoculars to some degree under poorer conditions. The time between moonset and the beginning of morning twilight was fleeting, and the gradually improving view halted, and began to quickly deteriorate. I spent probably 15 minutes plotting the star field, then a half hour sketching and examining the comet for structure, and a final 15 minutes trying to eke out the last, faintest bits of detail. It was an hour very well spent. I attempted to track down the pairing of another comet, C/2008 X4 (Christensen) and the globular cluster M107, but was only successful in spotting M107. I wasn't able to spend much time on that side trip, since I needed every bit of attention for Lulin, and I'm glad I made that choice. Hopefully, Lulin will be quite a bit brighter in two weeks when the new moon cycle returns and this comet's beautiful features will be easier to detect, and rich with developing structure. The full report and a larger sketch can be found here:
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